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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Please upload a cover letter with your manuscript.
  • Please suggest minimum 3 reviewers of your submission in the box below.

Author Guidelines

 Information for Authors

(Manuscripts submitted for publication must be prepared according to the guidelines given below.)

Template PDF: Sample.pdf.

Template Microsoft Word: sample.doc.

Template LaTeX: LaTeX

This guideline is intended to assist authors as they prepare their manuscripts. To avoid any delay and time-consuming restructuring, we ask and encourage authors to read the guidelines before writing the manuscript.

Tech Science Press publishes review and research articles. All papers must be written in English, and follow a clear, concise style. Our language editors may have to check the language and grammar of your submitted manuscript and make editorial changes if deemed necessary.

The corresponding author of a manuscript is responsible for submission and all subsequent correspondences on behalf of all the authors that are included in the m. All published papers should contain adequate information and data for readers to replicate the result.

1. Cover Letter

A submitted manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter. Such a cover letter must clearly state that the manuscript is an original work with its own merit, has not been previously published in whole or in part, and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. There should also include one statement clearly indicating that all authors have read the manuscript, have all agreed that the work is ready for submission to the select journal, and have accepted full responsibilities pertaining to the manuscript’s delivery and contents. If there are any ethical, copyright, disclosure issues that come with the manuscript, please reveal them in the cover letter.  In the cover, authors need to declare that there is no conflict of interests regarding the manuscript submitted.

2. Templates

Authors are encouraged to use the Microsoft Word and LaTex templates downloadable form.

3. General Format of Articles

3.1. General Style

  • The paper size is US Letter (5″´11″ or 21.59 cm´27.94 cm) All margins — top, bottom, left, and right — are set to 1.5″ (3.81 cm).
  • Use Times New Roman 11-point size for the main body of the paper, single spacing, except for the heading as outlined in section 3.4.
  • The paper must be in a single column format.
  • Use British English or American English spellings throughout your manuscript, but not both.
  • Do not use page breaks or multiple returns between sections.
  • Do not insert page numbers or line numbers.
  • Use paragraph spacing after 3 pt for the main body of the paper.

3.2. Manuscripts

3.2.1. Title and Author Information

  • The title of the paper should be in bold, Times New Romans, 14-point, at the top center of the title page. Use capital letter on each word of the title.
  • Insert two blank lines (two Returns) before the title.
  • Insert one blank line (one Return) between title and authors
  • Provide full names of all authors and their affiliations. The author line should be centered.
  • Authors should be numbered regard to their affiliations. There should be no space between the author name and the number.
  • Corresponding author should be marked *.
  • Use two blank lines (two Returns) between authors and the Abstract.

3.2.2.  Abstract

  • Abstract of a research paper should be 200-400 words, and 150-300 words for review paper.
  • The abstract should be in one continuous paragraph without reference numbers.
  • All abbreviations should be defined in full unless the abbreviation appears more than once in the abstract.
  • Insert one blank line (one Return) between the Abstract and the Keywords.

3.2.3. Keywords:

  • Three keywords are the minimum. Use a comma to divide each keyword.
  • Each keyword except the first one should be lowercase unless an uppercase letter is necessary.
  • One blank line (one Return) between the Keywords and the main text.

3.4 Headings

In the main body of the paper, three different levels of headings (for sections, subsections, and sub-subsections) may be used.

  • The section of abstract should not be numbered. Subsequent sections should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numbers, starting from 1.
  • Level one headings for sections should be in bold, and be flushed to the left, e.g., 1., 2., ….
  • Level two headings for subsections should be bold-italic and be flushed to the left. Level two headings should be numbered after the level one heading, e.g., 1., 1.2.,….
  • Level three headings should be italic; and be flushed to the left, e.g., 1.1., 1.1.2.,….
  • Use 12-pound before paragraph distance and 3-pound after paragraph distance.
  • Do not use page breaks or multiple returns between sections.

3.5. Units and Symbols

    • There should be a space between the unit and Arabic number: 5 mm NOT 5mm.
    • Please use Arabic number and relevant unit in the manuscript: 5 kg NOT five kilograms or 5 kilograms or five kg.
    • Do not use hyphen/dash or any connector symbol between the value and its unit: 5 kg NOT 5-kg.
    • Please clarify all units during a calculation or a mathematical relationship: 3 cm´5 cm NOT 3´5 cm, 123 g±2 g or (123±2) g NOT 123±2 g, 70%-85% NOT 70-85%.
    • Greek letters must be inserted using the correct Greek symbol (using Times, Helvetica or Symbol font), NOT written in full, i.e., alpha: α; beta: β, ß, (available in Times and Helvetica); and gamma: γ, etc.

4. Figures and Tables

4.1. Figures

  • Figures should be centered and should have a figure caption placed underneath.
  • The size of figures is measured in centimeters and inches. Please prepare your figures at the size within 17 cm (6.70 in) in width and 20 cm (7.87 in) in height.
  • Figures should be placed in the text soon after the point where they are referenced.
  • Figures should have no frames and borders.
  • In the main text, where reference the figures, use Fig. followed by a space and the figure number. e.g. Fig.1.
  • The digital format JPEG, PNG, TIFF are acceptable, with >300 dpi resolution.
  • Figures should be in the original version, should not be stretched or distorted.
  • Do not use Photoshop or such software to change the color or appearance of figures.

Figure 1: Example

4.2. Figure Captions and Labels

  • Figures should have relevant captions but should not contain the same information which is already described in the main text.
  • Figure (diagrams and photographs) captions should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers.
  • One-line Caption should be centered in the column, e.g., Figure 1. The text caption ….
  • The text caption with more than one line should use justified alignment.
  • The size of labels should be no smaller than 8-point and no larger than the font size of the main text.
  • Figure labels must be sized in proportion to the image, sharp, and legible.
  • Labels must be saved using standard fonts (Arial, Helvetica or Symbol font) and should be of the same font and size in all figures in one paper.
  • All labels should be in black, and should not be overlapped, faded, broken or distorted.
  • The first letter of each phrase, NOT each word, must be capitalized.

4.3. Tables

  • Tables should be placed in the text after the point where they are referenced and should be consistent with the main text.
  • Tables should be centered and should have a title placed above.
  • Table titles must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers.
  • One-line table title should be centered and multiple-line title should use justified alignment.
  • Use Times New Roman, font size <than 12 for table titles.
  • Titles should be centered in the format “Table 1. The text …”, e.g., Tab. 1.
  • Table notes should be aligned with the left table frame.
  • Where reference the Tables, please use abbreviation “Tab.”. followed by the number, e.g., Tab. 1


Table 1: Table caption











  1. Equations and Mathematical Expressions

5.1. In-line style

  • In-line equations/expressions are embedded in paragraphs of the text. For example, 
  • In-line equations/expressions should not be numbered.
  • In-line equations/expressions should be used as same/similar size font as the main text.

5.2. Display style

  • Equations in display format are separated from the paragraphs of text.
  • Equations should be flushed to the left margin of the column.
  • Equations should be editable.
  • Equations should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers. See Eq. 1 for an example. The number should be right aligned.


6. Citations

  • The author-year format of the citation must be used for the citations in the main text, e.g., [Atluri (1986)].
  • If the cited reference has two authors, please see the example, [Atluri and Nakagaki (1986)].
  • If the cited reference has three authors, please see the example, [Atluri, Nakagaki and Han (2000)].
  • If the cited reference has more than three authors Please cite all first 3 authors' last names, and followed by "et al", for example, [Atluri, Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)].
  • When cite more than one reference, separate them with a semicolon, see [Atluri (1998); Atluri and Nakagaki (1986); Atluri, Nakagaki and Han (2000); Atluri, Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)].
  • If the sentence starts with a reference, insert citation right after it, for example, “Atluri et al. [Atluri, Nakagaki, Han et al. (2000)] have found that…”.
  • If multiple works cited by the same author and year, in the text, it should be “[Atluri (1998a)]”, “[Atluri (1998b)]”.
  • No citation to the page number should be used.
  • Citation to the figures should be in section 5.1. Citation to the tables should be in section 5.3.

7. References

  • All references should be listed at the end of the paper, in the reference section.
  • The names of the authors should be in bold, last name(s) first.
  • References should be organized alphabetically by the last names of the first authors.
  • The year in which the paper is published follows the name(s) of the author(s).
  • Use full name of journal cited in reference e.g., Computational Mechanics, use italic font, followed by a comma before the volume, issue and page number.
  • Do not capitalize every letter of the journal’s name.
  • Every paper in the References section must be cited at least once in the text of the paper. Every paper cited in the text must also appear in the References section.
  • Volume, issue and page number should be expressed as “vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 507-517.”.
  • Keep DOI number when you have the data aforementioned.
  • Based on our particular style, the first six authors will be listed as they appear. When more than six authors are listed, keep the first six authors and followed by et al.
  • Et al. should not be italic.
  • Personal communications should be avoided.
  • Non-English references should not be included in the Reference list. The entire manuscript cited must be in English.

Reference examples (References at the end should be listed in alphabetical order):

  • Reference of a book: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Publisher, Publisher Location. 

Atluri, S. N. (2004): The Meshless Local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) Method. Tech Science Press, USA.

  • Reference of journal article: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title. Journal Full Name, volume number, issue number, page number. 

Atluri, S. N.; Han, Z.; Shen, S. (2003): Meshless Local Patrov-Galerkin (MLPG) approaches for weakly singular traction & displacement boundary integral equations. Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 507-517.

Atluri, S. N.; Zhu, T. (1998): A new meshless local Petrov-Galerkin (MLPG) approach in computational mechanics. Computational Mechanics, vol. 22, pp. 117-127.

  • Reference of an online source: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): URL.

Atluri, S. N. (2004): The meshless method (MLPG) for domain & BIE discretizations. http://www.techscience.com/books/mlpg_atluri.html.

  • Reference of a Thesis: Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published): Title (Level). Institution Name.

Darius, H. (2014): Savant Syndrome-Theories and Empirical Findings (Ph.D. Thesis). University of Turku, Finland.

8. Conflict of Interest

Authors must declare whether there are any conflicts of interest about the publication of a study.

Conflicts must be declared, as they may affect the integrity or reliability of the science in the study, as well as that of otherwise unassociated studies in the same journal.

Conflict of interest statements for public funding sources, including government agencies, charitable or academic institutions, need not be included.

9. Permission for authors

    • The authors are free to reuse their published articles for non-commercial purposes.
    • When using for commercial purposes, the authors should obtain permission and a fee may apply.

10. Permission for the third parties

    • Any third parties are free to reuse, change and build upon the work for non-commercial purposes.
    • A proper acknowledged and citation is required for such permission.
    • A fee may apply if a third party wants to reproduce a work for commercial purposes.

11. Publishing Policy

  • The most important criterion for acceptance is the originality of the work.
  • A decision to accept a manuscript is not based solely on the scientific validity of its content.
  • Other factors may affect decisions, such as the extent and importance of the paper.

12. Plagiarism Policy

12.1 Duplicate manuscript submission

All manuscripts submitted to our journals must be original. Upon submission of a manuscript, it is assumed that no similar manuscript has been or will be submitted to any other journal for publication. It is considered unethical to submit an identical manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. Multiple submissions of the same paper can damage the reputation of journals if published in more than one journal. Duplicate publications or redundant publications (re-packaging in different words of data already published by the same authors) will be rejected.

12.2 Plagiarism and other fraud

It is the responsibility of the authors to ensure that they pay particular attention to the originality of their work. Upon submission, all manuscripts are rigorously evaluated to identify any previously published material. Concerning the submitted figures, images are routinely examined for the presence of duplicated, or otherwise apparently anomalous, data. Authors should therefore retain their unprocessed data and metadata files, as the Editor may request them to aid in the evaluation of the manuscript. Authors should note that, if the unprocessed data are unavailable, this may lead to a delay in manuscript evaluation until the issue is resolved. If the journal Editor has reason to suspect that a manuscript is plagiarized or fraudulent, they reserve the right to raise their concerns to the authors' sponsoring institution and any other relevant bodies.

12.3 Misconduct

If misconduct by authors or reviewers is suspected, either pre- or post-publication action will be taken. In cases where misconduct, or otherwise unethical behavior, on the part of the authors is suspected after a paper is published (even several years after the paper has been published), a preliminary investigation will be conducted, following the guidance offered in the flowcharts of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (https://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts) and the guidelines of ICMJE (http://www.icmje.org/). An explanation will be sought from the party or parties considered to be involved.

13. Submission Method

Manuscripts may be submitted only via our online system at http://www.tspsubmission.com. Manuscripts submitted by other methods (e.g., hard copy, e-mail) will not be processed.

Authors need to create a user account, log into the account, and follow a step-by-step, easy-to-follow process to complete a submission process. Authors may also exit and reenter the submission process at any time.

14. English Editor Service

Clear and concise language enables both the journal editors and reviewers to concentrate on the scientific content of your manuscript. In order to facilitate a proper peer review process and ensure that submissions are judged exclusively on academic merit, Tech Science Press strongly encourages authors to prepare the language of their manuscripts with the utmost care.

If you are an author whose native language is not English—or you have any concerns regarding the language quality of your manuscript—we recommend having your manuscript professionally edited by a qualified English-speaking researcher in your field prior to submission. Tech Science Press has partnered with LetPub as an option to provide this service at a 5% discount to all our authors.

Please use the following Coupon Code to receive the special 5% discount when you check out with LetPub: TSP5D

LetPub: https://www.letpub.com/



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