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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Authors should have manuscripts thoroughly reviewed by colleagues regarding both technical content and English grammar in their own Institution and elsewhere before submitting them. It is not the task of the Executive Editor, Associate Editors or Journal reviewers to edit poorly prepared papers or to correct readily detectable errors. Papers not properly prepared will be returned to the author. 


The title page should contain the following: 

  1. Main title (lowercase letters).
  2. Authors listed in the order in which they are to appear and affiliation(s).
  3. Institutional addresses.
  4. Running title (in the main language of the manuscript, not exceeding 50 characters including punctuation and spaces).
  5. The total number of figures and/or tables.
  6. Mailing address and e-mail of the corresponding author.




The manuscript must be arranged as follows:

  1. 1、TITLE. The title should be brief, specific and should not include abbreviations. It cannot exceed 100 characters, including spaces.
    It must always be submitted in English, in lowercase letters.
  2. 2、ABSTRACT. Submit an abstract (300-word maximum) of the manuscript which must include a statement of the problem, methods of study, results and conclusions. It must always be submitted on a separate sheet in English.
    Keywords must always be submitted right after each abstract in English, headed by capital letters and separated by semicolons.
  3. 3、INTRODUCTION. State concisely the purpose and rationale of the study.
  4. 4、MATERIALS AND METHODS. Describe the plan, the experimental species, materials and controls, the methods and procedures utilized and the statistical method(s) employed, in sufficient detail to enable the experiments to be reproduced.
  5. 5、RESULTS. Present the detailed findings. Include mentions of all tables and/or figures. Figures and tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Emphasize only your important observations. Do not compare your observations with those of others. Such comparisons and comments are reserved for the Discussion section.
  6. 6、DISCUSSION. Must be restricted to the analysis and interpretation of the meaning of the statistically significant results and their relation with other papers.
  8. 8、REFERENCES. References to articles and books should be limited to published work, work in the press, or theses and dissertations.


Please make sure all the references in the text are included in the Reference section.
When citing more than two authors in the text, please use the last name of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication.

Citations in the text should use the following forms:

Jones (1990)

Smith & Jones (1992)

or (Smith et al., 1991).


Full references must be listed alphabetically at the end of the manuscript under the subheading References. Please use italics for the names of periodical publications.

Make sure that all references have the correct format.


Examples (for manuscripts written in English):

Briske, D.D. & J.H. Richards (1995). Plant responses to defoliation: A physiological, morphological and demographic evaluation. In: Bedunah, D.J. and Sosebee, R.E. (eds), pp. 635-710. Wildland Plants. Physiological Ecology and Developmental Morphology. Society for Range Management, Denver, Colorado, USA. 710 p.


Jones, H.G. (1992). Plants and microclimate. A quantitative approach to environmental plant physiology. University Press, Cambridge. 428 p.

Howe, H.F. & J. Smallwood (1982). Ecology of Seed Dispersal. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13: 201-228.


Saint Pierre, C., C.A. Busso, O.A. Montenegro, G.D. Rodríguez, H.D. Giorgetti, T. Montani & O.A. Bravo (2004). Defoliation tolerance and ammonium uptake rate in perennial tussock grasses. Journal of Range Management 57: 82-88.


Flemmer, A.C., C.A. Busso, T. Montani, O.A. Fernández, C. Saint Pierre & M.L. García (1999). Growth of S. gynerioides in competition with defoliated or undefoliated desirable perennial grasses under different levels of soil water availability. People and Rangelands Building the Future, Proceedings of the VI International Rangeland Congress, Eldridge, D. & Freudenberger, D. (Eds.), Townsville, Australia, pp. 248-249.


Lencinas, M.V., G.M. Pastur, E. Gallo, A. Moretto, C.A. Busso & P. Peri (2006). Mitigation of biodiversity losses in Nothofagus pumilio managed forests of South Patagonia. Workshop on Forest Fragmentation in South America, San Carlos de Bariloche, Argentina, in CD.


Busso, C.A., M. Mazzola, B.L. Perryman & H.A. Glimp (2004). Seed weight and its relationship to environmental variables and germination in Artemisia tridentata ssp. wyomingensis. International Conference of the Society for Ecological Restoration, August 24-26, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canadá. p. 18.



Legends must be typed on a separate sheet in English; they must contain a short description and the enlargement of optical and electron micrographs. Example: (x 20,000) 


Make tables and figures self-contained and self-explanatory. They should supplement, not duplicate the text. A brief caption for each table or figure should be provided in English. The explanations of the measures and statistics employed must be provided in footnotes to the table. Symbols and physical units must be subjected to the International System (I.S.) of abbreviations.

For best reproduction, electronic artwork files must be in TIFF, EPS or JPG format, at a resolution of 300 dpi, sized to print in color version [one column (8.5 cm), two columns (17.5 cm)]. We cannot guarantee the quality of figures in the printed version unless these requirements are met.

Color Tables and Figures will be included in the online and .pdf versions, but only in black and white in the printed version.


Use the International Unit System throughout the text. Please use, for example, kg/ha, kg/ha/day, kg/m2, mg/L, tillers/plant, cm/cm3, °C, p<0.05 rather than using kg ha-1, kg ha-1day-1, kg m-2, mg L-1, tillers plant-1, cm cm-3, C, P<0.05. Measurement units must always be indicated in lowercase letters.


They are welcome only if the results in the paper provide a new or unique contribution of immediate importance. They are to consist of either (1) no more than 1200 words, one table or graph and one plate of photographs. They must fulfill the instructions for original articles and may or may not have subtitle/s, or (2) not more than 5000 words, and tables and/or graphs. They must follow the instructions for original articles and include their sections (i.e., Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion and References).


The basis for the Nomenclature of taxa and syntaxa used should be indicated in the Methods section, as should the latitude and longitude of the study site(s), if appropriate. Acknowledgments and dedications must be placed after the Main text and before the References.



Information too detailed to be included in the main text, for instance, a list of areas sampled or technical details of a model may be presented in appendices. Appendices should be numbered sequentially and placed before the References.


Scientific names of genera and species must be given in full with authority when they are cited for the first time. If species names occur repeatedly in the text the genus name may be abbreviated. Common names must not be used.

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